Hair Loss

Everything You Need to Know About Hair Loss

Living the ultra-modern lifestyle has its pros and cons. Where at one end we experience the best of comfort, luxury and happiness; on the other, we surround ourselves with various concerns. One of such fears happens to be loss of hair. As hair is something to enhance our physical look, style and appeal, we definitely don’t want to lose it. Instead, we must take all possible measures to protect this asset and treasure it for lifetime.

Here are some Q&As related to hair loss

Can I stop hair loss?

We live in a world where everything is possible and so is controlling hair loss at any stage and age. There are different ways to first control and then stop loss of hair.


To start with, Minoxidil makes a wonderful choice. It is a hair re-growth solution to be massaged into the scalp, especially the affected area. It comes with a tube and should be applied only using the tube. Users must refrain from having direct skin contact with the solution. Using once or twice a day will not only open the pores but also make the hair follicles larger.

Finasteride is a pill medicine which should be consumed only once a day. However, all pharmacies don’t give this medicine without a prescription.

Corticosteroid is a good option and available in various forms- injections, ointments, creams and oral medicines. Based on the pattern and stage of hair loss, it is advisable to customise all the forms of Corticosteroids for better results. However, one must always visit a hair specialist or dermatologist to know the exact dosages. A proper combination of Corticosteroids is mandatory for getting back lost hair.

Platelet-Rich Plasma

A very popular hair loss treatment, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) works for both men and women. It’s a non-surgical and natural medical procedure for gaining back lost hair and also growing hair in large number in a short time. In this, blood sample is taken and platelet-rich plasma is segregated and further processed. Processed PPP is then injected inside the scalp with the help of a thin needle. Following this, growth factors in blood cells start working and soon hair starts growing and re-growing. It is safe, reliable and has quick recovery. There’s hardly any pain or discomfort during the procedure. Moreover, it’s cost-effective and devoid of any post-treatment complications. Above all, it delivers natural looking results.


It is a cosmetic procedure where hair surgeons insert multiple tiny injections of essential nutrients and vitamins into the scalp and this indirectly promotes hair growth. All the required pharmaceuticals are delivered into the mesodermal layer of tissue, lying beneath the scalp skin. This causes the fat cells (cellulite) to burst; body starts regulating hair growth factors; hair follicles gain more protein and the cumulative result of all these actions result in hair growth. In this treatment, the injected nutrients boost hair growth factors while hydrating the scalp simultaneously. Besides these, mesotherapy also normalises blood circulation and improves body’s metabolism; thus indirectly contributing to hair growth.

Triple Light Lasers

For those who are looking for something new and innovative, triple light laser is an amazing treatment. It is basically a laser helmet equipped with latest hair growth technology. Its powerful red light and effective cold lasers works best on affected scalp areas and delivers optimal energy dosage to regain hair at the earliest. This one-of-a-kind laser hits the stem cells, right at the base of hair follicles and forms a photonic pathway to restore healthy and natural hair.  In short, it does maximum therapy in minimum time.

Hair Transplant- The Last Resort

And if all the above methods fail, which is the rarest of the rare cases,  one has to then look up to hair transplant. The age-old and effective treatment is performed by specialised doctors and this involves a small surgery. Here, the specialists identify the donor site and the recipient site. The former is the affected area of the scalp and the latter is any part of the body which contains dense and healthy hair, suitable for transplant.

Once they fix both the sites, they harvest the hair follicles from the recipient site by collecting the follicles in small strips and then carefully insert it into the donor areas. Before inserting, doctors ensure that the selected grafts are genetically resistant to balding. Although the process involves some post-operative care, it does give everlasting and natural hair growth, provided one takes the necessary precautions and care.

What are the signs of hair loss?

Just like diseases, hair loss also sends some early warning signals. Initially, it starts with miniaturization in various forms like thinning hair on the scalp, receding hairline, gradual hair thinning at the crown leading to balding of the crown and horse-shoe pattern balding where crown gets exposed. While the first sign is most common in case of women, the last three symptoms hold true for men.

As hair loss is not just confined to mature adults, children and young adults must also look for specific early stage hair loss symptoms. For example once can experience sudden loss of patches of hair, complete hair loss all over the body, incomplete hair loss on scalp, patches of broken hair and excessive hair fall especially after certain treatments or critical disease or prolonged medicines.

Besides these, clumpy hair, visible scalp, smaller pony tails and lighter hair weight also point towards hair loss.

What causes my hair to fall out?

Depending on various factors, hair fall can have many reasons.

Alopecia Areata

It is a hair loss condition in which hair falls out in one or more patches. Common for both genders, alopecia aerata happens when problems in immune system attacks hair follicles and stops its further growth. While most patients recover their hair loss in due course of time, some others face permanent hair fall out owing to immune disorders. To overcome this problem, it is best to take care of health and maintain good hygiene so as to regulate normal body functioning and metabolism.

Traction Alopecia

A type of hair loss which is not realised by many, traction alopecia takes place due to pulling of hair by traction force. It is commonly seen in people who tie their hair in right ponytails or braids. Also, clipping hair for prolonged hours pulls off hair from its roots, resulting in hair fall. This problem can easily be avoided by tying hair in a more soothing manner, avoiding constant clipping of hair and letting the hair free for some hours. By doing so, hair follicles get a breathing space and hence can grow longer and better.

Tinea Capitis

Not so easily avoidable Tinea Capitis is a fungal disease caused by dermatophytes in Microsporum and Trichophyton genera invading the shafts of hair. The hair shafts along with follicles are severely affected, leaving victims in a state of baldness that takes the shape of ringworm. Consulting a dermatologist or clinical hair specialist can give the best solution to such problems.

Telogen Effluvium

In this kind of hair loss, people experience chronic hair fall for longer duration. The primary cause behind telogen effluvium is imbalances in hormones and body’s metabolism. Often, excess stress, anxiety and certain medications can cause diffused hair shedding. Here, baldness develops without scar formation. Recovery takes somewhere around six months, if only there’s no presence of proper pattern of alopecia.


While most hair loss causes are due to physical, metabolical, hormonal or mental conditions; Trichotillomania is a psychological one. It refers to those having excess desire to pull their own hair. Such people have constant urge, which is psychological terms means impulse control disorder. Their body’s own impulse forces them to teat off their hair and doing so gives them a sense of relief. The best medicine for such problems is to seek psychological help and bring about efforts to calm, compose and control one’s mind.

Generalised or Diffused Hair loss

More commonly found across women, diffused hair loss does not cause complete balding. It only causes hair fall in fairly equal proportions all over the scalp. Hair thinning takes place all over the head, except the sides and back, which are most resistant to balding. Causes behind generalised hair loss can be anything from a hidden illness or some past medicine whose reactions might become visible. A good way to tackle such problem is by consulting a hair physician and seeking proper medical help.

Androgenetic or Androgenic Alopecia

It is also known as male pattern hair loss and female pattern hair loss. In females, hair gradually thins and if left untreated, gradually exposes the top and front portion of scalp. Males undergoing such hair loss are subject to thinning and receding hairline.

Is hair loss in women different than that of men?

Yes and in all respect. Hair loss in males is commonly known as male pattern baldness. Here, people witness a gradually receding hairline and thinning of hair surrounding the crown. If this kind of hair loss is measured on the Norwood Scale, it would be identified as Stage III Vertex. If hair loss is not controlled from this stage, balding will spread from the crown and in no time, scalp, full of hair will turn into a bald one.

In males, hair at the side of the scalp remains unaffected, due to lesser effect of DHT and hence hair follicles remain intact in the sides. As a result, males hardly experience hair loss from the sides of scalp. Balding only takes place at the crown area and its surrounding region.

The story is different for women. The central scalp portion becomes the first target of hair loss. This region is equivalent to the crown for male pattern baldness. In females, hair loss starts with thinning hair from the central scalp. Here, hair loss is measured on Ludwig Scale and identified with 3 stages; stage one being a thin gap at the centre while stage 3 being maximum expansion of thinning; thus creating more baldness. Although most women do retain their hairline, a few suffer from Frontal Fibrosing Alopecia. If this condition is not treated, hair loss can be at its worst and show its effects in temples, scalp sides and area above the ears. In a few cases, this can result in complete baldness.

While both men and women have their respective hair loss and balding pattern, it is not impossible for a woman to experience hair loss pattern like that of a man and vice versa. It may so happen that one can show signs of both genders. In such cases, it is important to identify the symptoms at the early stages and take proper measures to control hair loss. Also, visiting hair specialists or therapists in such cases helps.

What about pregnancy hair loss?

Hair loss and pregnancy enjoys an interesting relation. A common notion is that women are subject to severe hair loss while they are pregnant, which is a wrong conception. Truth is that hair starts falling out at massive rate after child birth. Now, this has a reason.

Normally, hair grows and falls. This falling and growing involves a complete cycle. When rate of hair fall exceeds the rate of hair growth, it is termed as hair loss. At any given time, about 85%-90% of hair is active, meaning it is growing while the remaining 10%-15% is resting, after which it  will shed. In every two to three months, depending on hereditary hair growth, hair in resting phase sheds and new hair comes in its place. The same cycle takes place during pregnancy. In terms of pregnancy, loss of hair can take place in two ways- one during the pregnancy period and other post child delivery.

The first type of hair loss can take place anytime between one to five months of pregnancy. However, it does not happen with every woman and according to research data, only 40%-50% pregnant women face hair loss in this period. It usually happens due to certain medications or other conditions that influences hair fall out, which is temporary. Hence, it would not be correct to directly associate it with pregnancy.

The second type of hair loss is common for all and that is the real effect of pregnancy. It is because women, when pregnant, experience hormonal changes in their body. Increasing levels of such hormones prevents loss of hair. After child birth, the same hormones jump back to normal levels; thus allowing the hair cycle to function normally. Now, the delayed hair loss start falling out, all at once and women complain of drastic hair fall after giving birth to child.

This pattern of hair fall accelerates in three to four months of delivery when hair follicles rejuvenate themselves. Hair that falls out in this period is gained back in the next six to twelve months. This too is temporal hair loss and with proper maintenance of health and hygiene, hair gradually booms back on the scalp.

Hair loss is undoubtedly a common phenomenon that grips everyone’s minds. With rising pollution levels and increasing bent towards sedentary lifestyle, hair loss is not even sparing teens and children. Despite all such circumstances, one must take good care of one’s hair and maintain its quality, time and again.

Your belly ain’t a waist basket- Take charge, for a healthy future


Carrying extra baggage on your waist can be a serious problem if not dealt with at the right time. A lot of belly fat can affect your health in a bad way. It’s not the fat under the skin you need to look out for, it’s the one surrounding your vital organs such like the heart, liver, lungs & various other organs of the body. This fat is called “visceral fat”, and this is the one you need to be careful about.

Visceral is fatal!

Visceral fat is called deep fat which is stored way beneath the subcutaneous layer & it is wrapped around major organs of the body like the kidneys, pancreas & other organs. An excess amount of visceral body fat can actually change the course of your body function & cause serious damage to it. Visceral fat is termed as “toxic”and could create serious inflammatory problems, if it’s not dealt with. A protruding belly is a dangerous sign of pronounced obesity.

What’s the source of so much visceral?

Blood sugar levels are defined by things like your appetite, weight, & mood swings. The most crucial hormone insulin, controls & balances sugar levels of the body by breaking down food into starch & sugar molecules called fructose & glucose. When these sugars enter our bloodstream it triggers the release of this hormone – insulin throughout the body, excess amounts of insulin can cause deposition of high amounts of body fat leading to life threatening diseases like diabetes, heart diseases, strokes, depression, insulin resistance, sleep apnea, high blood pressure, etc.

Ways to trim your waist

Binging on too much carb can add to your waistline. Eating too much carb can add to your calorie count by triglyceride conversion and storage in fat cells Also,  these carbohydrates stimulate lot of insulin. More carbs, more insulin, & thus more fat.


Walking off your belly bulge requires brisk walking- a moderately based cardiovascular activity that mildly elevates breathing rates and heart functioning with very less stress on body joints. A 30 minute brisk walk, five days a week can burn a good amount of calories and  this kind of walk requires proper shoes, a straight body posture & a relaxed hands to enjoy the walking experience.

Coming back to a low carb diet, stay clear of cereals, breads, molasses, corn syrup & more. Keep an eye on sucrose, glucose, fructose, & maltose as they can increase your blood sugar levels. Consumption of a protein rich diet, such as eggs, seafood, dairy products in limitation, can deliver healthy proteins. Protein rich vegetables can be listed as Spinach, Kale, Cauliflower, Broccoli, Cucumbers, Mushrooms, Parsley, Cabbage, etc.


Adding yoga to your daily regimen can significantly reduce belly fat with various Asanas like Tadasana, Surya Namaskar, Padahastasana, Naukasana, Bhujangasana, are some of the asanas that can be performed to release body fat. Myths of reducing belly fat in 10 or 15 days is a complete myth and should not be performed practically as it can seriously deteriorate the physical health of an individual due to high stress on vital organs of the body. Starving, aggressive workouts, and other

ways to reduce fat in a short span can create problems.

The best way to stay fit include:

  • Eating healthy with fruits & vegetables
  • Limit intake of junk food
  • Take a low carbs and high protein diet
  • Do not eat heavy meals, break your meal regime in small amounts, viz- 4-5 meals, rather than 3.

The modern Homo Sapien has adapted to a very sedentary lifestyle, wherein they do not want to use their body to lead an active life. A healthy suggestion for people includes taking stairs instead of the lift, walking to your workplace instead of a conveyance, & relaxing your body while working in workplaces. Avoid sitting down for longer periods as it can create fat deposition problems in the future.

Fat reduction with Cryolipolysis

Cryolipolysis is a non-surgical technique used to reduce localized body fat. The Cryolipolysis process delivers controlled & effective fat cell targeting by freezing fat cells for crystallization & termination. This proven technology delivers long-term results as the body naturally processes the fat and eliminates dead cells.

In this process, vacuum applicators and cooling panels are used, when the applicator is placed on the skin, it delivers a cooling sensation with an anesthetic effect, the process takes an hour for the fat to be cooled. This therapy requires multiple sessions for a visible decrease in fat bulge. It usually takes 60 to 120 days for the procedure to show significant results.


People need to get their fat levels checked on a regular basis, as it can be fatal for them in the future. Get your diet under control with healthy foods, a good exercise regime, if you feel, you need an expert to achieve this, then feel free to consult a medical professional for various fat reduction procedures that are safe and result-oriented.

16 Habits You Never Know Increases Unwanted Fat

There are too many shockingly surprising facts that we people are unaware of. To our misfortune many of those facts remain unfolded all throughout our life and we fall victims to it! And here one antique fact of that sort happens to be our topic of discussion.

Nothing new, strange, quirky or freakish to any of us! To live in the world where being slim and fit is stereotyped to be good-looking and attractive, the problem is certainly bothersome. Yes! You guessed it right! I am talking about the excess and unwanted body fat that we commoners are commonly fretful about. Almost half of this generation is under the trap of this, “not so rare issue”.

And now, I am very much inclined in letting out the toxic truths which had been kept under wraps for years. And I am more than sure that you will be left shell shocked after the mystery box is unboxed.

Here we go!



“Early to bed, Early to rise”, don’t you follow that? Then the problem is yours! You would have only thought Depression, dull complexion, tiredness, headache would be the usual outcome when there is no good sleep. So weight gain would be really a surprising one for you, but yet it’s true! Recent studies had made sure a fact that lack of proper sleep at proper bedtime paves a way for weight gain and unwanted fat content in the body. Are you excited to know why?

Here it is!

A good sleep doesn’t only refresh our mind but also the body. There are certain hormones that work on burning the fat tissues present inside. And a sound sleep that lasts for a period of 7 to 8 hours is capable of adding fuel to the flame of those hormones. So a person who fails to shut-eye long will easily go under the captivity of excess fat. There is another simple logic and you don’t need an expert to tell what. Just give a thought, the more you delay to sleep, the more you will be engaged on some work; the more you work the more you will feel hungry! And eating during inappropriate time will obviously lead to the increase of weight!




Dear fast eaters! This one is for you! It might be annoying to get advice even about how to eat! We can’t plan everything, certain things do go with a flow but certain things are as well inevitable. So it’s fine to stop if something misleads your healthy lifestyle.

May be, you naturally prefer eating too fast or your hurry burry life leads to hurry burry eating, whatever! But deliberately or unintentionally you did wrong choosing to be a fast eater. Because while you busy yourself in completing the plate quick, you mostly end up eating more than actually your tummy needs! This results in over weight. So give time to your stomach to make it feel full.




To look slim and smart you people try skipping a meal or two. But trust me it actually does the vice versa. Yes! You read it right! Skipping your breakfast, lunch or dinner doesn’t bring down your body weight instead sets forth a host of process that provokes the fat tissues to stay around the middle and that indeed results in weight gain. This specially applies to the office goers and students who rush to their respective works capering the morning food and eating double in the afternoon.




Coffee is not just a drink but a slavish addiction to a lot many souls out there! But the craving for coffee has its own risk. Don’t skip the morning sip! Enjoy a cup of coffee and begin your day afresh, no issue! But if the point is about your 3 or 4 p.m coffee, then our answer is “No”. A journal of agriculture and food chemistry says too much caffeine cause insulin resistance and increase the storage of fat. This will also lead to many health issues.




Regular soda or your favorite cola items that contain high soda content generally carry rich calories and simple carbohydrates. This super combo will no doubt result in weight gain.




Protein is an expert in satiating which manifestly smashes off our mind to eat more. And protein as well does a smart work of muscle maintenance. So the more muscle you have, will burn more of your fat tissue. Failing which makes you a fatty one. Protein foods like meat, egg, almonds, cottage cheese, Greek yogurt, Milk, Broccoli, lentils etc can be much preferred. These are both tasty and healthy so it’s definitely not a big deal to go for it. Eat protein rich items and cater to your taste buds and promote healthy diet.




Recent survey says nearly 2 in 5 people who work, experience over weight! Know that, over stress will also bring over weight. When you are much exhausted in your work, you will care less about taking a healthy diet, so when you don’t welcome healthy food and physical activities the output is showcased.




Human has the tendency to go for something that is forcefully avoided. So when you plan for a very strict diet then your craving for tasty food drastically thrives. Agree? When your craving wins your self control, your plan of losing weight will backfire and result the vice versa. Some of you would have already seen it in the case of your fellow mates too. So keep yourself away from those risks.




There are hardly a very few, of all ages who doesn’t entertain themselves by watching TV. Ranging from kids to oldies TV has become a hard core pastime but its better not to stick on it to it much. Mostly we enjoy munching our favorite snacks and lying on couch when TV is set on. So when body at rest and food in mouth for hours, guess what the outturn would be!




An average recommendation of sodium per day is 1500-2300mg to the maximum but recently it has been noted that an American intakes 3400 mg per day, almost double the average that increases body fat, high blood pressure or other health issues.




Almost everyone is greedy when it comes to our favorite food. Be it you or me, no one is exception to it! So our human nature mostly tends to keep it right before the very eyes of us to eat up whenever our taste buds long for! This is where we go wrong. Because, food that tempts our tongue, will mostly be ice cream, cookies, chocolates, chips or more. These kinds of food are not only capable of alluring us but also our body fat. Yes! These sort of snacks have great fat content as many of those are oily natured and the rest are either spicy or sweet. All those mainly fall under fat category. So it’s better to keep a long distance relationship with those loved ones rather than being hand in hand all the time.




You might be much concerned about maintaining your diet but keep in mind that cutting out of calories completely will not pay off! Have less fat content and limited calories to control your body weight.




You will feel like eating something tasty when you are in a physical or mental break down just to get diverted from what you have been leaning on and to bounce yourself back to normal. That’s sounds common and cool. Yet it best serves when you say strict No to it. And chocolate is given special importance in this case, as it is a super fat giver.




The American Journal of epidemiology says that when you sleep under the light, your peaceful night not only gets interrupted but also increases your body fat. This habit is so peculiar and not everyone do that. But commonly youngsters do this without knowing the consequences. But keep it in mind, if you want to look slimy then keep the light dimmy. Else the rest will be history.




Research again in Zero Belly found out that the more you stick on to electronics while in bed, the flabbier you will turn out to be! You might be busy with your laptop doing office work or a student working on the project, a social media freak, a game addict or in a serious relationship. Excuses can be many. But if you invite gadgets daily you will as well invite fat gain.




The life is so hectic and you hardly find leisure, we understand. But it is great to follow what is advisable. Though hard work seems admirable and effective it is mandatory to maintain a stress free body and mind. So cool your heels sometime, relax, refresh, make sure you feel better and then get back to work. Because when your body is under pressure your metabolism gets affected and that can also increase your fat content due to the interruption of a balanced processing of certain hormone secretion.

All right now, you guys would have got very clear and thoughtful about how to maintain your physique in an attractive and healthy way.


Anatomy of Skin Image

Skin: The Protective Cover of Body

Skin is the largest organ of the body. It is most delicate and with its fleshy coverings, makes people look presentable. While organs like brain, heart and kidney are internal, skin can be seen from outside. Adults carry about 8 pounds (3.6 kg) of skin. Skin serves as a protective layer in our body. Without it, human body would evaporate.

Functions of Skin

Skin performs a wide variety of functions in our daily life. Its primary functions can be broadly summarized as under:

  • Skin is a waterproof, insulating protection which guards our body against extreme temperatures, damaging sunlight and other harmful particles.
  • With its fine shield, skin prevents harmful particles from entering our body.
  • It also radiates anti-bacterial substances, thereby preventing infection.
  • Skin manufactures Vitamin D which converts into healthy bones.
  • Skin is also a huge sensor, packed with sensory nerves that keep brain in contact with the outside world.
  • Finally, skin allows us to move freely due to its high versatility.

Layers of Skin

Skin consist of three different layers-epidermis, dermis and subcutis. The outermost layer is known as epidermis. It mainly consists of cells, known as keratinocytes. Keratinocytes are made of keratin, a tough protein, which is also present in hairs and nails. Several layers are formed in the keratinocytes which constantly grow outwards, as exterior cells deteriorate and die. It takes almost five weeks to form new cells and make their way to the surface. The covering of dead skin is called stratum corneum. It is a horny layer with varied thickness around the body. Dead skin can be more than ten times thicker on the feet soles than around the eyes. Defensive Langerhans cells reside in the epidermis. The main purpose of these cells is to alert the immune system of body against bacteria, viruses and other infectious agents.


The epidermis is what we see. It is connected to a deeper skin layer known as dermis. Collagen fibers and elastin present in the dermis provide strength and elasticity to the skin. The blood vessels help in regulating body temperature by enhancing blood flow to the skin to enable heat to escape,or by restricting blood flow, when it’s cold. Beneath the epidermis, lies a network of nerve fibers and receptors which stimulate feelings of touch, pain and temperature and relays them to the brain.


In the dermis, there are hair follicles and glands along with ducts, which pass throughout the skin. Dermis also houses the sweat glands which helps to bring down the internal temperature through perspiration and simultaneously removes waste fluids like urea and lactate from the body. The apocrine glands, also present in this region, are responsible for producing scented sweat associated with sexual attraction. This also causes body odor, especially around the armpits. Apocrine glands develop during puberty. The sebaceous glands secrete oil-like serum which lubricates hair and skin.


The base layer of the skin is called subcutis. It includes a stratum of fat which serve as a reserve of fuel, during food shortage. An insulating layer, the subcutis cushions us from falls and knocks.

Skin Color

Skin gets its color, from a pigment called melanin. Melanin is produced in the epidermis and protects us from the harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays of the sun, which also has a potential to cause cancer. Dark-skinned people have more number of melanin pigments than fair-skinned. People belonging to tropical regions especially densely forested areas, have darker complexions. In northern latitudes where solar radiation is comparatively weak, fair skin is more common. However, the advantages of dark-skin are completely overshadowed by the strong need for Vitamin D for strengthening bones. Vitamin D is produced on exposure to UV rays.

Regions which are hot, humid and sunny poses serious threat to the skin. Australia has the world’s highest record of skin cancer, with more than 80% of all cancers being diagnosed each year. A majority of Northern European population inhabits Australia.

Collagen: The Most Abundant Protein of Human Body

Skin Comparison and Collagen Image

All about Collagen, Facts, Medical Uses & Potential Threats to Collagen

What is Collagen?

Collagen is a protein substance in body that holds the entire body together. It is a hard, insoluble and fibrous protein which constitutes about one-third of protein content in body. In major collagen structures, the molecules are packed together and form similar long, thin fibrils. According to MediLexicon, collagen is a family of genetically distinct molecules, having a unique triple helix configuration of three polypeptide subunits, called alpha-chains. Each of these chains contains about 1,000 amino acids and features a common amino acid sequence, comprising of glycine, proline and hydroxiproline.

Collagen is mostly found in muscles, bones, skin and tendons where it provides strength, stability and firmness by a scaffold formation. These collagens are strong and flexible. Collagen that is synthesized by the body plays significant roles in maintaining good health and physical structure. When natural collagen formed in the body depletes or breaks down, it poses serious health issues and critical problems. Exogenous or supplemental collagen is mainly used for medical and cosmetic reasons, including repairing and healing body’s tissues.

Facts about Collagen

Some important facts about collagen are stated under:

  • The word “collagen” has been derived from the Greek word “kolla” meaning glue.
  • Apart from skin and bones, collagens are also found in connective tissues.
  • There are almost 16 different kinds of collagen found in body, of which, 80-90% belong to types I, II and III.
  • Type I collagen fibrils have tensile strength and are even stronger than steel and gram.
  • Protein consist about 20% of body mass and 30% of this protein consist of collagen.
  • Apart from giving strength and structure to skin, collagen also replaces dead skin cells.
  • As human progress in age, collagen production decreases, as part of intrinsic ageing. Collagen is also reduced by ultraviolet light exposure and various other environmental factors. This is known as extrinsic ageing.
  • In medical products, collagen can be derived from porcine, bovine, human and ovine sources.
  • Collagen dressings attract new skin cells to the wounded regions.
  • Cosmetic products especially revitalizing lotions which claim to increase collagen levels are most unlikely to do so, since the collagen molecules are large enough to be absorbed through the skin.
  • Laser therapy and all-trans retinoic acid (a source of Vitamin C) can influence collagen production.
  • Smoking, sunlight and high sugar consumption are some of the controllable factors which cause damage to collagen production.

Collagen and Body

Collagen is mostly found in skin, bones, tendons and connective tissues and the main purpose is to provide strength, support and elasticity to the skin. Collagens are also found in the extracellular matrix which is an intricate network of macromolecules that assess the physical properties of tissues in body.

In dermis (middle layer of the skin), collagen helps to form a fibrous network, on which new cells grow. Collagen is also essential for replacing and restoring dead skin cells. Some collagens also serve as proactive coverings for delicate organs in human body, like kidneys.

As collagen production decrease with age, the structural integrity of skin gradually reduces which leads to sagging and drooping skin. Skin becomes loose, fine lines, wrinkles and age-related lines appear on the skin and the cartilage in joints weakens.

Although variety of different cells secretes collagen, the connective tissue cells primarily secrete collagen. At young age, collagen is consistently produced by body, however, from the age of 40 collagen synthesis starts to decline. In women, there is drastic reduction in collagen synthesis after menopause. By the time one attains 60, there is considerable decline in collagen synthesis and production.

Medical Uses & Potential Threats to Collagen

How is collagen medically useful?

Collagen can be broken down and incorporated by the body. It is resorbable, functionally diverse and occurs naturally. Therefore, collagen has various medical uses and is used for various medical devices. Besides this, collagens can also be made clinically versatile by forming into compacted solids or lattice-like gels, which being prepared for use. Collagens that are medically used originate from sources like porcine, bovine, human and ovine and are used in the following medical applications:

Wound Dressing

Collagen helps in improving healing, attracting new skin cells to the wounded site and facilitates growth of new tissue. There are certain types of wounds like chronic non-healing wounds, granulating or necrotic wounds, exuding wounds, second-degree burns, partial and full-thickness wounds, skin grafts and skin donation sites which are aided by using collagen dressings. Collagen dressings are however not suitable for third-degree burns, wounds that are covered in dry eschar or for patients who are sensitive to bovine products.

Skin Fillers

The collagen fillers originate from human and bovine sources. Collagen serves as excellent skin fillers when they are injected into specific areas on skin to improve skin contours and fill out vacuums. It can fill moderately superficial defects. Collagens are also equally useful when cosmetically used for removing various age-related lines, wrinkles, scar marks, acne and other similar signs from face. People infected with severe allergies must go for skin tests prior to injecting bovine collagen, since it can pose further complicacies and bring more health issues.

Vascular Prosthetics

Collagen tissue grafts from donors are used in peripheral nerve regeneration, vascular prostheses and arterial reconstruction. There are some prostheses which are thrombogenic, which means they cause coagulation of blood. However, at the same time, these prostheses are easily compatible with the host body.

Guided Tissue Regeneration

Membranes which are based on collagen are commonly used in periodontal and implant theory. This helps in promoting growth of particular types of cells. In oral surgeries, barriers can be used for preventing fast growth of cells of gingival epithelium, which migrates to a wound in the tooth. As a result, there can be preserved space which will enable tooth cells to potentially regenerate. Apart from healing features, the primary advantage of using collagen-based membrane is that the body can break down the collagen and assimilate protein, with time. Therefore, it is reabsorbable. Hence, patients don’t require further surgeries to remove their barriers.

Skin Revitalization

Although many products like creams and lotions claim to contain collagen to rejuvenate skin; however, this is practically impossible since the collagen molecules are too big to be absorbed through the skin. These products, which might contain collagen, only moisturize and nourish the skin, without directly increasing collagen concentration.

Osteoarthritis Treatment

Collagen formulations fetch productive results in osteoarthritis. In quite a number of experiments, collagen has been proven to reduce pain. Studies suggest that collagen hydrolysate gradually decreases painful symptoms of osteoarthritis and improves function of joints. In some cases, it was also found that the collagen supplement was well absorbed and collagen was accumulated in cartilage. As a result, specialized joint cells, called chondrocytes were stimulated to create extracellular matrix.

How to increase collagen production?

  • Laser therapy in combination with intense wavelengths of light stimulates growth of elastin, melanin and collagen. This technique is also useful for treating stretch marks.
  • Collagen being a protein is made of amino acids. The nine most essential amino acids cannot be produced by body itself, it has to be acquired through right diet and nutrients such as
    • Proline: Meat, cheese, egg-whites, cabbage and soy.
    • Anthocyanidins: Blueberries, raspberries, cherries and blackberries.
    • Copper: Nuts, shellfish, red-meat and some drinking water.
    • Vitamin A: Food derived from animals and plants like beta-carotene
    • Vitamin C: Strawberries, broccoli, oranges and pepper.

What damages collagen?

Collagen levels deplete with time and age and there is no prevention to intrinsic aging. However, there are quite a number of external factors which contribute to collagen depletion. If such factors can be controlled; smooth, tight and healthy skin can be maintained for a longer period of time. Simultaneously, collagen can be protected and bones, muscles and joints can be kept healthier. In this context, the common collagen depleting factors are:


Tobacco smoke contains harmful chemicals and many of these cause damage to both collagen and elastin in skin. Nicotine, present in high proportion in tobacco, narrows the blood vessels in the outer skin layers which ultimately reduces nutrient and oxygen supply to the skin. This compromises health and brings aging signs earlier. Collagens are also affected, which is why, skin loses its strength and gradually droops.


Sunlight contains ultraviolet rays, which breaks down collagen, at a rapid rate. Collagen fibers get damaged and abnormal elastin gets accumulated in the skin. Excess abnormal elastin buildup produces a harmful enzyme, which further breaks down collagen. As a result for multiple collagen breakdowns, skin can develop solar scars.

High sugar consumption

Consuming diet that is rich in sugar enhances glycation rate, following which, sugar contained in the blood attaches to protein to develop new molecules known as advanced glycation end products (AGEs). The AGEs cause serious damage to adjacent proteins and makes collagen dry, feeble and fragile.

Autoimmune disorders

Owing to certain autoimmune disorders, antibodies target collagen. Gene mutations that are responsible for coding of alpha-chains of collagens affect the extracellular matrix. This leads to a decreased amount of collagen secretion or dysfunctional secretion of mutant collagen.

Kim Kardashian Reveals All Her Laser Hair Removal Secrets: ‘I Had Such a Hairy Neck’

Kim Kardashian Reveals All Her Laser Hair Removal Secrets: 'I Had Such a Hairy Neck'

Do you plan to take a plunge into Laser Hair Removal? You know you would feel hairless, content and glabrous within just as we feel watching Kim Kardashian in her off late look. The lady has outrageously gone under a dire change over the past few years. She has been the talk of the town since every hellion hair from her face, forehead and neck has disappeared and people just left wondering. It is anyway good to get done a laser for hair removal than to suffer from nicks and cuts from razors, red bumps, painful ingrown hairs and that scorching itchiness. Laser for many people is like a splintering of rubber band followed by a cooling sensation.

You may think that you are amongst those few homely girls who went through a horrible phase of pouring wax to your nether regions, waxing out mustache, side-locks or tiny facial hair. But to your notice, the most famous American model and TV star Kim Kardashian was no different in her high school when she used to lie vulnerably in a cold room and scrape those hairs, fully at the mercy of her yanking skills. However as per Mrs. West (Kim Kardashian), life is not only about having a sculpted face or a smooth-shaven body. She adds that people should know that it is not always good without hair. The Kardashian girl got her baby hair lasered off a few years ago, as she felt the little baby hair on her forehead are interrupting her way to own a sassy look she wants. She had at times burst out because of her tiny hair, but later regretted losing them.


RELATED VIDEO: How It’s Done: Kim Kardashian’s Messy Bun

Apparently, it was revealed by Mrs. West herself that it was not only her hairline which she got revamped but also landed in to get the neck hair altered with a laser procedure. Kim’s neck was so hairy and unshorn that she took a step further with her dermatologists and cleared off too. She also indicated that it was her choice to go under laser therapy to get rid off of her furry neck and forehead, otherwise any professional photographer would Photoshop them digitally. Her conception of looking finer and more desirable without the baby hair made her to feel a bit repentant about it when she started to miss them. She now believes that these tiny hairs adds to your youth and make you go cheer-up.

Laser these days is not even that expensive anymore; just that it costs a pretty penny than your regular waxing sessions. Also laser works wonderfully on specific body parts, but the point of consideration is whether or not you seek to have a permanent hair removal because there is no looking then after. For a star’s suggestion and experience you can check-

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Khloe Kardashian just revealed her guide to hair removal

Khloe Kardashian just revealed her guide to hair removal

Life has been too shaggy and messy even for some of the top stars, who were to go pre-laser hair removal methods. There are many famous celebrities, reality superstars and instagram mongers who present their fully edited and prettiest version to the world quoting to be naturally beautiful. But here we gotta our hands to the one who is too proud to confess that things are hairy and messy somewhere. We are talking about Khloe Kardashian, who being a heart throb of zillions proudly admits to encounter the issues linked with pesky hair. She reveals that being a proper blonde there is no need for her to do bleaching and full body waxing but she loves lasering her legs, underarms and bikini area.

For most women, hair removal has proved to be a continuous battle. Some makeover centers charge exorbitant price for hair removal and is painful too. All that cost to strip away a few hairs that are just going to grow back is not worth it and the cycle will keep continuing. We all go through it, so it is no more a taboo subject and after all the Kardashian sisters are surely doing their part of putting hair removal into the limelight.

Khloe Kardashian aged 32, in a recent Snapchat post made a boisterous disclosure across all her followers about her hair removal treatment saying- “Hair removal down for the day,” the Strong Looks Better Naked. She further added that she likes to go all bald and clean on her legs, so she got it all ripped off through laser hair removal treatment. It feels that Khloe is so fond of lasering most of her body parts, including bikini zone, inner thighs underarms and full legs. As mentiond by Khloe “It is so effortless and painless to laser than to razor each day”.

The candid star chic was always solicitous about her hygiene and so she prefers waxing over threading. She says that she do not rely on threading because of being apprehensive if someone’s saliva might go on her face!” Khloe being bizarre Khloe always makes her fans go chuckle while she shares the amusing moments of her personal life. And she just did not stop here, as continues to talk about how her sister Kylie (“my American sister from another minister”) accompanies her to take removal treatments at Sev Laser.

The recent blog post of Khloe Kardashian is literally dedicated to all the hair removal procedures she goes through to keep things silky-smooth. The popular superstar has it all to make a hair removal topic as sultry as lustrous tousled strands or slinky curves. She completely SLAYS away her bald and bold look with no hair at all. She showed her disgust on how women have to tackle with sticky wax, removal creams, razors, sugars and needles to get the hairy problems under control.

So, there you go GIRLS, Khloe’s 101 to hair removal. Not expensive at all.

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Coleen Rooney follows Victoria Beckham and Kim Kardashian by signing up for ‘ice’ laser hair removal in a bid to be fuzz-free (and it’s a snip at £1,000!)

Coleen Rooney follows Victoria Beckham and Kim Kardashian by signing up for 'ice' laser hair removal in a bid to be fuzz-free (and it's a snip at £1,000!)

Hair today, gone today is the current rage for hair removal solution. Especially in the world of glamour, there is instant solution to get rid of them and to adorn the luscious locks back again. Celebrities’ hair and skin troubles go without a hitch. But is it really that simple for a girl next door to deal with all that hairy shit or bald patches.

Coleen Rooney a columnist and an English television presenter has recently been the buzz of the Tinsel town for her Ice laser hair removal treatment at Soprano. The 30 year old wife of Manchester United and England football captain Wayne Rooney has groomed herself for a neat and tidy appearance. And if you hear the cost of that transformation, then many of you would have your popped out as it took £1,000 cash on barrelhead. Soprana claims to provide ‘long-term hair-reduction’ to unwanted hair using pain-free techniques. It professes to have a creamy celebrity clientele base that includes Kim Kardashian, Khloe Kardashian and Victoria Beckham.

Wayne Rooney

Wayne Rooney


While Coolen Rooney’s husband-Wayne Rooning is having a rough time struggling with the traumatic ‘traction’ alopecia, it appears that she has just the opposite hair issue. Wayne Rooney has recently been was with an alarming bald patch on the scalp and a thinning hairline but her wife Coolen has reportedly splurged out a whopping amount of £1,000 on a Soprano Ice laser hair removal treatment.

The Mother-of-three Coleen, who is affirmed to be worth about £15million, exhibited her eminence as a brand endorser and English television presenter. The blonde lady Coleen recently shared a post on Twitter saying that she is super ‘excited’ about beginning the expensive procedure, even at a whacking cost of £1,000 for just 6 sittings. We truly understand that a thousand Euros won’t break bank of a lady with deep pockets. Availing the opulent comfort of ice laser hair removal for “cash rich Rooney” is not something to be startled at.

Photographers recently catch the sight of splendidly beautiful Clooney in a blue skinny jeans and a navy jumper with an overlay on the shoulders, while she poses in front of a poster promoting Soprano Ice laser hair removal. With, Coleen just looked vibrant wearing a natural mineral make-up and her dark locks loosely tied into a ponytail in the image. The star Mom of 3, Clooney seems to immediately fell head over heels for Soprana and this is well documented in a glimpse of her new picture taken at the Rachel Hunter Beauty Clinic.

An exhilarating tweet exchange followed between the Liverpool-based Rachel Hunter Beauty Clinic and Coleen clearly showed her excitement for trying the modern ice laser hair removal. The Rachel Hunter beauty clinic in their tweet said-: ‘Excited for this beauty @coleen_rooney, her journey to a #hair-free, #care-free life’, to which Coolen instantly tweeted back #can’t wait”.

Conventional laser hair removal has “A-listed Celebrity followers” in abundance including Victoria Beckham, Lady gaga, Kardashian sisters, Kendall Jenner and many others. These glam celebs perfectly seem to be more than happy to suffer the bank balance breakage if it means velvety-smooth but the procedure holds some controversies too.

Celebrities who are thought to be a huge fan of the hair-reduction procedure have happy stories but every coin has two sides. The hair follicles are put to burn during the laser and some may run into acute pain during the process or encounter adverse after-effects occasionally including change in color of the skin. However the Soprano Ice treatment that Coleen has tried is making claims to minimize pain by cooling down the skin near the follicular edema (follicles), and implementing a less intense heat to remove pesky hair.

Conventional laser hair removal method is painful as it vigorously applies heat to burn away the follicles, which gives a burning sensation to patients with skin. But the modern ice laser hair removal is said to be no more painful than a hot stone massage as claimed by the company behind the Soprano Ice product.

For all the girls who seek to try the unique ice laser hair removal, the Upmarket salon in Liverpool is offering the’ revolutionary’ laser hair removal treatment that Coolen Rooney is experimenting. Many beauty experts have hailed this procedure to be as revolutionary as per the sources revelation. The salon has specialized “payment plans” sign up for those who wish to give a try to ‘celebrity treatments’. The salon has stated in a post that clients have declared the procedure to be ‘incredible’ as unlike traditional laser hair removal, it is free from horrible pain.

On its website, Soprano tells about how keeping skin cool and calm is the secret for ‘ice’ laser hair removal. They reveal that the product’s technology swiftly heats the targeted area while the energy driven SHR pulses cautiously warm up the follicles in the skin’s sub dermal layer. The treatment works great for women with more olive skin and Victoria Beckham and Kim are both known to be its fans.


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Baby come back? As Kim Kardashian says she regrets having her baby hairs lasered while Kylie Jenner shows hers off, experts weigh in on what you should do with yours

Kim Kardashian says she regrets having her baby hairs lasered Read more: Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on Facebook

There is no denial in the fact that Kim Kardashian has undergone a drastic change ever since she became the sensational queen of reality TV. She was the most searched woman in the year 2008 on Google, ousting the spectacular Britney Spears, and the streak continues to exist till now. The star Kardashian dwelling in the lap of luxury has done complete justice in creating an outstanding aura as a public figure and the credit not only goes to her contouring charm. Kim has lasered off her baby hair from the hairline a few years ago that contributed to her sculpted and neat look. The dark-haired brunette has set up a perfect example of comeliness with her chiseled face. This week Kim mentioned on her website that she once used to have dense baby hair on her hairline which she was not very enamored of and so she got them lasered off.

The adverts these days are aimed at laser, supposedly because they do wonders to make you look feather-soft and hair-free. Laser is surely permanent and potentially competent to keep you bald, bold and beautiful in the nether regions and of course wherever else you wish. Laser just can reach to the farthest, the lowest of a body zone, specifically with allusion to the underworld. Most of us may have heard the terrific stories of scarring, but the Kardashians yet again proved that laser hair removal is anytime better than the normal razor regime. Khloe’s recent bare Instagram photo gives some serious hair removal goals to all the girls. Kim Kardashian with her outlandish appearance stands out from other star figures. But is it really necessary for women to be all shaven and hairless to look appealing? Well that’s something related to choice-making.

Many experts and dermatologist says that Laser hair removal works better for dark hair, light skin tone, no go for hair around eyes. But the monotony linked to laser fails as the latest means proved the bodacious wonderland is a fair game.

Kylie Jenner

Kylie Jenner


And now she came up with acute nostalgia for days of her baby hair perhaps seeing her little sissy Kylie Jenner flaunting them like a HOTSHOT. Kylie simply being glamorous without being ostentatious just nailed at the Golden Globes party with her hair tightly pulled back into a neat high bun. Her tiny hair on the hairline made her exhibit a snazzy look at the party and people could only gaze her in astonishment and so her sister Kim. Kylie was observed to embrace her baby hairs like a babe in the arms and this is when the elder sister Kim reminiscences of her early days of a forehead full of baby hair. Kylie even made a statement that it is one her most favourite and adorable looks ever.

The 18 year old Kardashian chic-Kylie believes that baby hair looks endearing and her hairstylist Daven Mayeda who has also worked with big celebrities like Mariah Carey Shay Mitchell supports her viewpoint. Celebrity hairstylist Daven Mayeda in an interview with FEMAIL says baby hair is like a blessing in disguise. The tiny hairs not only make you look cute, girlie but all taper forehead and the temples. He even fondles with Kylie’s and other client’s frizzy baby hairs when creating styles like top knots, messy buns and more. He further adds that he just likes to experiment with the kinky baby hairs and they are his favourite.

The 36-year-old Kim Kardashian expressed her deep remorse on her website for losing out on her baby hair as her personal choice. Last week she wrote that her forehead was underlined with so many little hair that she used to annoy, and would always blow up seeing them on the edges. She thought that every photographer would anyway Photoshop them, so why not get them lasered for once and all. But the star chic regrets her decision in this point of time and miss them terribly.

Saying Hi! Or bye- bye to baby hairs is up to you. All that we want is that you do not crave like a little baby for your baby hair to be back again as is the case with megastar Kim Kardashian. Don’t expect them to come back to you soon once they are gone or lasered off. You may get few hundred dollars poorer, but oh so much silkier and smoother after erasing those nasty body hair. Many people who have gotten laser are thrilled with the results and many swear by it. So, before stepping in to the laserland, watch out for some helpful tips for embarking on your own laser journey.

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13 Times the Kardashians Have Proved They Despise Body Hair

13 Times the Kardashians Have Proved They Despise Body Hair

Hair- Hair everywhere! Yes you heard it right and here we are going to just talk about hair, either it’s about caressing them, shunning them or just discussing them. We understand that there are still whole lots of people who are too reluctant to talk about hair removal processes publicly. The butt obvious is that it feels embarrassed. But the kardashians-Jenners have taken the internet world by storm. They are not leaving any loops to upgrade the fans with fashionable hair removal treatments and cracking it up all over the social media.

“Kardashians you slay us, you really do”.

Kendall, Kim, Kylie, Kourtney and especially the always-outspoken Khloe Kardashian in an effort to break down the ineffable body hair removal thesis, have come forth to vocalize their experiences live with the fans and haters too. The Kardashian girls have brought the magic of contouring and cut-outs into spotlight and they are the sole reason behind collapsing the wall of shame for body hair. Kim Kardashian is clearly heard saying in an interview that she has the hairiest forehead that most people would in fact fail to visualize seeing the latest HER. If you Google Kim Kardashian’s image of 2008-2009, you would clear spot the difference. The popular reality TV star and mother of two is not at all hesitant about bringing her laser treatments in open and accedes to wax off her plentiful hair by herself while she was young.


Khloe Kardashian

As per a post, Kourtney seemingly gave her sister Khloe a bikini wax on her chaise lounge and Kylie Snapchat her upper lip wax. She backed her Snapchat action stating that people should be courageous enough to tell their groomer what they exactly want and I do this all the time. Not only has she talked about her craziest hairline, but also of her shaving under shower. Her younger sister Khloe went on to declare how she used laser treatment to beautify her bikini zone, under arms and legs. She also mentioned that her urge to shave off instigated when she was only 7 and saw Kim razing her legs under the shower. Robert Kardashian, allegedly got his chest waxed and is seen spotting the hunk look while Kendall shaving her legs in rear car seat for fashion week. Isn’t this too cool for the HOT Kardashians?

There always comes a season of shorts in every girl’s life when she plunders into stealing her mother’s trimmer and get the nasty hair ripped off. Unfortunately this is not a permanent solution and the hair keeps getting brittle in sequential growth. Thankfully, we have the Kardashians furiously trending over the social sites. The sexy lads get feisty saying that they laser, they shave, they wax, they bleach and they just do it. They spoke about body hair upfront and suggest laser treatment to deal with the issue conveniently.

Bare and bald is undoubtedly the passing fancy of the times and the credit goes to the one and only Kardashians.

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